The preposition "ON" –
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The preposition “ON”

The preposition is the word that makes a connection between a noun or pronoun to other part of the sentence, or a noun phrase to other part of the sentence.

On, at, and in are the main prepositions to indicate position, time and states.

Preposition on:

1. refers a surface of something

2. specifies days and dates

3. refers TV or other devices, phones, machines…

4. refers the parts of the body

5. to refer a state.

1. On – for a surface of something – I put all my books on the desk.

I have an apple on my table.

The notebook is on my chair.

2. On – for days and dates – We will do it on Friday.

I was born on 5th February.

The private teacher comes on Wednesdays.

The building was constructed on the 15th day of February in 1968.

3. On – for TV or other machines like phone or computer…

Mother is on the phone right now.

The talk-show is on TV now.

My son has been on the computer since 7 o’clock in the morning.

Our favourite team match will be on TV tonight. I saw it on BBC.

4. On – for the parts of our body — My daughter is a little princess at the festivity, she wears a golden crown on the head and a magical ring on her finger.

She put her head on my shoulder, then kissed me on my cheek.

5. On – for a state – All these clothes are on sale.

The entire forest is on fire.

We can also find on as opposite of off as preposition of movement.

We get on a bus. We get off a bus.

Take things off the table.

Put the books on the floor.

Phrasal verbs with on

  • Get on – we understand each other, we have a good relationship with someone.
  • Take on – when we accept some extra work.
  • Build on – when we accomplished something and use our success to go further.
  • Decide on – when we choose something
  • Hold on – when we have to wait.
  • Try on – to try a dress or something to see if it fits.
  • Go on – to continue,
  • Carry on = continue, not stop – We carried on talking until the early hours of the morning.
  • Call on – We hate to be called on in the office.
  • Catch on –  means become popular or understand something – The T-shirts have caught on worldwide. I can’t speak French so I can’t catch on to what you are saying.
  • Cheer on = when people shout encouragement, support
  • Count on = rely, depend – I counted on you to fix my car on time, I need to go
  • Drag on = when we continue unnecessarily things for a long time or become boring with something – His speech dragged on so it was getting boring.
  • Get on = enter a vehicle – She gets on the bus at this station.
  • Have on = Wear clothes, shoes or something else – She looked wonderful at her party, she had on a very elegant outfit.
  • Hold on means to wait or to grasp firmly – Hold on a minute. The kid held on his toy-car as if someone might take it.

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