The preposition is the word that makes a connection between a noun or pronoun to other part of the sentence, or a noun phrase to other part of the sentence.
On, at, and in are the main prepositions to indicate position, time and states.
1. refers a surface of something
2. specifies days and dates
3. refers TV or other devices, phones, machines…
4. refers the parts of the body
5. to refer a state.
1. On – for a surface of something – I put all my books on the desk.
I have an apple on my table.
The notebook is on my chair.
2. On – for days and dates – We will do it on Friday.
I was born on 5th February.
The private teacher comes on Wednesdays.
The building was constructed on the 15th day of February in 1968.
3. On – for TV or other machines like phone or computer…
Mother is on the phone right now.
The talk-show is on TV now.
My son has been on the computer since 7 o’clock in the morning.
Our favourite team match will be on TV tonight. I saw it on BBC.
4. On – for the parts of our body — My daughter is a little princess at the festivity, she wears a golden crown on the head and a magical ring on her finger.
She put her head on my shoulder, then kissed me on my cheek.
5. On – for a state – All these clothes are on sale.
The entire forest is on fire.
We can also find on as opposite of off as preposition of movement.
We get on a bus. We get off a bus.
Take things off the table.
Put the books on the floor.
Phrasal verbs with on
- Get on – we understand each other, we have a good relationship with someone.
- Take on – when we accept some extra work.
- Build on – when we accomplished something and use our success to go further.
- Decide on – when we choose something
- Hold on – when we have to wait.
- Try on – to try a dress or something to see if it fits.
- Go on – to continue,
- Carry on = continue, not stop – We carried on talking until the early hours of the morning.
- Call on – We hate to be called on in the office.
- Catch on – means become popular or understand something – The T-shirts have caught on worldwide. I can’t speak French so I can’t catch on to what you are saying.
- Cheer on = when people shout encouragement, support
- Count on = rely, depend – I counted on you to fix my car on time, I need to go
- Drag on = when we continue unnecessarily things for a long time or become boring with something – His speech dragged on so it was getting boring.
- Get on = enter a vehicle – She gets on the bus at this station.
- Have on = Wear clothes, shoes or something else – She looked wonderful at her party, she had on a very elegant outfit.
- Hold on means to wait or to grasp firmly – Hold on a minute. The kid held on his toy-car as if someone might take it.